Variations in Solar Activity Across the Spörer Minimum Based on Radiocarbon in Danish Oak

Alexandra Fogtmann-Schulz, Sabrina Gjødvad Kaiser Kudsk, Pernille Lærke Krantz Trant, Claudia Baittinger, Christoffer Karoff, Jesper Olsen, Mads Faurschou Knudsen

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Several aspects concerning the origin and nature of grand solar minima remain unclear, andmore high-resolution10Be and14C records are needed to improve our understanding of these phenomena.Here, we report 137 new high-precision, annually resolved radiocarbon concentrations based on oak fromthe Danish dendrochronology. The new record covers a period (CE 1432–1578) that encompasses most ofthe penultimate grand solar minima known as the Spörer Minimum. A detailed comparison between theSpörer and Maunder (CE 1640–1720) minima shows that the Spörer Minimum is associated withenhancedΔ14C variability in a band centered around the 11-year Schwabe cycle from CE 1450 to 1479 andbetween CE 1545 and 1578, whereas little 11-year variability is observed from CE 1479 to 1539. In contrast,we only observe enhanced 11-year variability after the end of the Maunder Minimum at CE 1722–1744,which could indicate that the nature and origin of the two minima were different.
TidsskriftGeophysical Research Letters
Udgave nummer15
Sider (fra-til)8617-8623
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2019


  • Spörer Minimum
  • Maunder Minimum
  • radiocarbon
  • grand solar minimum
  • tree rings
  • solar variability