Landscape ecology is an interdisciplinary field of research and practice that deals with the mutual association between the spatial configuration and ecological functioning of landscapes, exploring and describing processes involved in the differentiation of spaces within landscapes, and the ecological significance of the patterns which are generated by such processes. In landscape ecology, perspectives drawn from existing academic disciplines are integrated based on a common, spatially explicit mode of analysis developed from classical holistic geography, emphasizing spatial and landscape pattern analysis and ecological interaction of land units and using aerial photography. The landscape is seen as a holon: an assemblage of interrelated phenomena, both cultural and biophysical, that together form a complex whole. Enduring challenges to landscape ecology include the need to develop a systematic approach able to translate positivist readings of the environment and hermeneutical perspectives on socioecological interaction into a common framework or terminology.
|Titel||The International Encyclopedia of Geography|
|Redaktører||Douglas Richardson, Noel Castree, Michael E. Goodchild, Audrey Kobayashi, Weidong Liu, Richard A. Marston|
|Forlag||John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.|
|Publikationsdato||6 mar. 2017|
|Status||Udgivet - 6 mar. 2017|