This article analyzes the competitive strategies of Odense Steel Shipyard between 1918 and 2012 and challenges existing scholarship on competition in global industries. Until the 1980s, the yard adopted typical strategies in shipbuilding, starting with cost leadership and subsequently adopting global segmentation and differentiation strategies. From the mid-1980s, however, it successfully followed a unique national responsiveness strategy, which scholars including Dong Sung Cho and Michael E. Porter had ruled out in shipbuilding. The article shows how shipyard owners shaped strategies and influenced competitiveness.
Poulsen, R. T., Jensen, K., Christensen, R. S., & Jiang, L. (2017). Corporate Strategies and Global Competition: Odense Steel Shipyard, 1918-2012. Business History Review, 91(4), 707-734. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007680517001386