Ancient DNA unravels the truth behind the controversial GUS Greenlandic Norse fur samples: the bison was a horse, and the muskox and beats were goats

Mikkel-Holger Sinding, Jette Arneborg, Georg Nyegaard, M. Thomas. P. Gilbert

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    Abstract

    The Norse Greenlandic archaeological site known as ‘the Farm Beneath the Sand’ (GUS) has sourced
    many well-preserved and unique archaeological artefacts. Some of the most controversial finds are tufts
    of hair, which previous morphological-based examination concluded derive from bison, black bear,
    brown bear and muskox, all species whose natural presence in South Greenland is unlikely. If true, the
    consequences are potentially significant, as they could imply Viking trading with, or hunting within,
    North America. To validate these previous findings, we genetically profiled the samples, through mitochondrial
    16S DNA analysis. The results revealed that the putative bison was, in fact horse, while the
    bears and muskox were goat. The results demonstrate the importance of using genetic analyses to
    validate results derived from morphological analyses on hair, in particular where such studies lead to
    sensational claims.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftJournal of Archaeological Science
    Vol/bind53
    Sider (fra-til)297-303
    ISSN0305-4403
    StatusUdgivet - 2015

    Emneord

    • dirt-DNA
    • Norrøn arkæologi
    • Grønland
    • Gården under Sandet

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