NeoDairy - exploring the milking revolution in South Scandinavia during the first half of the fourth millennium BC

Projekter: ProjektForskning

Projektdetaljer

Beskrivelse

The NeoDairy project explores the introduction of a cattle-based agriculture and dairy exploitation in South Scandinavia and its implications for gaining a new understanding of the transition from a hunter-gatherer to an agrarian society during the first half of the fourth millennium BC. The majority of the Early Neolithic sites dated from 4000 to 3500 cal BC do not contain any faunal remains, as they are located on sandy soils, thus resulting in poor preservation of organic finds. Consequently it is difficult to document the agrarian practices associated with either meat or dairy exploitation of domesticated cattle based on their age and slaughter patterns. The aim of this project is to document the appearance of a dairy economy by making a series of lipid analysis of funnel beaker pottery, thus making these previously invisible evidences visible. These changes in the Neolithic subsistence strategies resulted in the widespread dissemination of dairy economies globally and as a consequence also transformed human DNA with the emergence of Lactase Persistence particularly concentrated in Northern Europe. The results from the lipid analysis can together with social learning theories and establishing of agrarian communities of practices be used to document how, where and when a cattle-based dairy production initially appeared by investigating the following aspects:
- Identifying the operational chain of dairy production and the learning processes behind them through experimental practices
- Making replicas of funnel beakers, where the food crusts can be investigated with lipid analysis and compared with studies from the Neolithic pottery
- Detecting where milk and other food lipids appeared on different early Neolithic sites and how the dairy technology spread in South Scandinavia

The project is highly innovative in several ways, because it combines practical experiments of dairy production with social learning theories within the discussion of the transition from a hunter-gatherer society towards the emergence of an agrarian one. The integration of these social theories makes it possible to investigate how complex it would have been for the indigenous hunter-gatherers to learn the agrarian dairy production and which processes that include, which then can contribute to a more nuanced picture of who were the primary carriers of agrarian practices and technologies.

Lægmandssprog

De ældste beviser for forarbejdning af mælk i Sydskandinavien bliver undersøgt i dette projekt ved hjælp af lipid-analyser af tragbægerkulturens keramik og eksperimenter med kvæg og mælkeproduktion samt inddragelse læringsteoretiske diskurser, hvilket åbner en ny diskussion om, hvor komplekst et landbrug der var tale om allerede i begyndelsen af det fjerde årtusinde f.Kr. Udnyttelsen af mælk vil desuden være et bevis på, at landbruget der kom med de første bønder, ikke var primitivt og eksperimenterende, men en færdig pakke, hvori der indgik udnyttelse af kvæg til en mælkeproduktion og videre forarbejdning til diverse oste og yoghurter. Resultaterne fra dette studie kan være med til at diskutere overgangen fra jæger- til bondestenalderen, som en slags forhandlingsperiode, hvor nogle bønder havde de rette kompetencer og evner til at lære den indfødte jæger-samler-befolkning om agerbruget. Læringstransitionen skete ved at etablere agrare praksisfællesskaber, hvilket understøtter teorien om integration mellem disse to befolkningsgrupper. Engagementet i disse praksisfællesskaber ændrede identiteten og den materielle kultur for både de indvandrende bønder og de oprindelige jæger-samlere. Et nyt agerbrugssamfund opstod i Sydskandinavien, som var forbundet i et netværk med andre agrare samfund i Europa.
Kort titelNeoDairy - DFF Forskningsprojekt 1
StatusIgangværende
Effektiv start/slut dato01/07/201830/06/2021